The use of the motor is becoming more and more widespread in the twentieth century; as an increasing number of countries develop both technically and economically, so a larger proportion of the world's population is able to buy and use a car. Possessing a car gives a much greater degree of mobility, enabling the driver to move around freely. The owner of a car is no longer forced to rely on public transport and is, therefore, not compelled to work locally. He can choose from different jobs and probably changes his work more frequently as he is not restricted to a choice within a small radius. Traveling to work by car is also more comfortable than having to use public transport; the driver can adjust the heating in winter and the air-conditioning in the summer to suit his own needs and preference. There is no irritation caused by waiting for trains, buses or underground trains, standing in long patient queues, or sitting on windy platforms, for as long as half an hour sometimes. With the building of good, fast motorways long distances can be covered rapidly and pleasantly. For the first time in this century also, many people are now able to enjoy their leisure time to the full by making trips to the country or seaside at the weekends, instead of being confined to their immediate neighborhood. This feeling of independence, and the freedom to go where you please, is perhaps the greatest advantage of the car.
A valley is low, relatively flat area between
exceptional a. 1.优越的,杰出的 2.例外的,独特的
Five years ago his dream came true. Now he’s working for a German
hi-tech company. As part of his job, he has to travel a lot. As a result, he
surgeon n. 外科医生
oceanand see whales and other sea life. Christina has never seen a whalebefore, so she’s looking forward to it. And tomorrow night they have somethingspecial planned. They are going to watch a baseball game. Christina has neverseen a baseball game, but she has heard that it is very popular in the US. Andthe San Francisco baseball team is one of the best.
enroll vi.(in,on) 入学,加入 vt.招收,吸收
M1：I’m sorry to say
expel (expelled;expelling) vt. 1.把..除名,把..开除 2.驱逐 3.排出
M2：So, maybe she
behind your back.
of the sphereareequidistant fromits center.
blunder n. (因无知粗心等造成的)错误 vi.1.跌跌撞撞地走 2.犯错误
south. Christina wanted to listen to music, so they turned on the radio. An
Riversarestreamof waterthat usuallybegin atmountains andflow intothe sea. Many early citieswere built alongside rivers.
blessing n. 1.祈神赐福 2.幸事,恩惠
After the Europe he traveled to Mexico and South America. In southAmerica he went toArgentinaandBrazil. He enjoyed watching some greatsoccer matches.
are taking advantage of you.
detain vt. 1.拘留,扣留 2.留住,耽搁
confidential a. 1.秘密的,机密的 2.表示信任的
finished eating, it was 7 o’clock. Then they got back into the car and drove
F: If you get there early enough, we won’t
coincide vi. 1.同是雪生2.相等,相一致 3.位置重合,重叠
China. In China they visited the Great Wall in Beijing. He stayed in Beijing
sly a. 1.狡猾的,狡诈的 2.会意的,会心的
A high percentage of customershave
tumble vi. 1.跌倒,摔下 2.翻滚 3.不由自主的卷入 4.(价格等)暴跌
other, even when it hurts. And because we’re honest with each other, we trust
air-conditioning n. 空调设备,空调系统
think you’re being taken advantage of.
productivity n. 生产力,生产率
gossip n. 1.流言蜚语 2.爱说长道短的人
M2：I’m as stupid as
barricade n. 路 vt.在...设路障
coincidence n. 1.巧合,巧事 2.一致,符合
M：Thanks, maybe some other time.
Christina is on the 2 weeks’ vacation. This is the firstvacation she’s had for a long time. The last vacation she took was more than 2years ago. Now she is visiting a friend in San Francisco. Her friend and herhusband are living near the center of the city. He works for a start-up companyat Silicon Valley. While he was working, she works part time at the departmentstore.
M: Are you going to arrest me.
spectacle n. 1.演出,场面 2.景象,壮观 3.[-s]眼镜
Some people really dislike being around self-centered people.
for a long time. If you have headache your head hurts.
terrific a. 1.可怕的,吓人的 2.极度的,极大的
know I’m your friend, right.
curb vt. 控制,约束 n. 控制,约束
early, there were almost not cars.
Bay Bridge before the early morning commute and drove south. Because it was so
It is one of the beautiful compensations of this life that no one can sincerely try to help another without helping himself.
don’t push me.
The attasks in ambition are many and come from varions angles; its public defenders are few and unimpressive, where they are not extremely unattractive. As a result, the support for ambition as a healthy impulse, a quality to be admired and fixed in the mind of the young, is probably lower than it has ever been in the United States. This does not mean that ambition is at an end, that people no longer feel its stirrings and promptings, but only that, no longer openly honored, it is less openly professed. Consequences follow from this, of course, some of which are that ambition is driven underground, or made sly. Such, then, is the way things stand: on the left angry critics, on the right stupid supporters, and in the middle, as usual, the majority of earnest people trying to get on in life.
trying to say.
diversion n. 1.转移,转向 2.消遣,娱乐 3.临时绕行路
M1：Yes, I think so.
deem vt. 认为,视为
Today, Christina and her friend are enjoying themselves. This
The two lines on the leftintersecteach other at aright anglewhich is 90 degrees. The 2lines on the right are parallel, which means they never cross.
hypocrisy n. 伪善,虚伪
Small intestine n.小肠
talk too much and don’t listen enough.
indolent a. 1.懒惰的,怠惰的 2.令人困倦的
radius n. 半径
collision n. 1.碰撞 2.冲突,抵触
L4 Unit 1-2 Listening 旅游2
He makes light of favors while he does them, and seems to be receiving when he is conferring. He never speaks of himself except when compelled, defends himself by a mere retort, he has no ears for slander or gossip, is scrupulous in imputing motives to those who interfere with him, and interprets every thing for the best. He is never mean or little in his disputes, never takes unfair advantage, never mistakes personalities or sharp sayings for arguments, or insulates evil which he dare not say out. From a long-sighted prudence, he observes the maxim of the ancient sage, that we should ever conduct ourselves towards our enemy as if he were one day to be our friend. He has too much good sense to be affronted at insults, he is too well employed to remember injuries, and too indolent to bear malice. He is patient, forbearing, and resigned, on philosophical principles; he submits to pain, because it is inevitable, to bereavement, because it is irreparable, and to death, because it is his destiny. If he engages in controversy of any kind, his disciplined intellect preserves him from the blunder.
to sit there putting pressure on me. I thought we were going to have a relaxing
bully vt.欺负,威吓 n.恃强欺弱者
situated a. 位于...的,坐落在...的
sometime they can be trusted.
jolt n. 1.震动,摇动,颠簸 2.震惊
M: I hope you’re right.
insulate vt. 隔离,使隔绝
population has more than doubled. It has doubled from around 3 billion in 1960
mobilize vt. 1.动员 2.调动 vi.动员起来
hour later they stopped for gas. They noticed that there was also a charging
Early tomorrow morning they are going to cross the Golden Gate Bridgeand go northalongthe coast. Fromsome places, you canlook out on the
P: What do you think. That’s what we do
jeopardize vt. 危及,损害
pay the bill.
stumble vi. 1.绊脚,绊倒 2.跌跌撞撞地走 3.结结巴巴
The world’s population is growing. There are over 7 billion peoplein the world. During the 20thcentury, the population grew from 1.65billion to 6 billion. It’s now going at a rate of around 1.1% per year. Thatmeans an increase is about 80 million per year. By 2024 the population isexpected to be around 8 billion people.
The journey to shanghai took many hours, but it was an unforgettable
impulse n. 1.冲动,一时的念头 2.驱动,驱使 3.脉冲
F: Yes, I have been there several times and
surgery n. 1.外科,外科手术 2.手术室
has been to many cities and counties. And he has met many interesting people.
bless v. 1.使有幸得到,使具有 2.为...祈神赐福
P: Sure, you are a nice guy. I’d like to
prudence n. 1.审慎,小心 2.精明,深谋远虑 3.节俭
The rate of growth varies by country. The growth rate in India ismore than twice than that of china. And the growth rate in Nigeria, which isAfrica, is more than twice than India’s growth rate. Russia, one the otherhand, has had a negative growth rate in some years. When the country has anegative growth rate, its population is decreasing.
when considering the drawbacks, perhaps pollution is of prime importance. As more and more cars are produced and used, so the emission from their exhaust-pipes contains an ever larger volume of poisonous gas. Some of the contents of this gas, such as lead, not only pollute the atmosphere but cause actual harm to the health of people. Many of the minor illnesses of modern industrial society, headaches, tiredness, and stomach upsets are thought to arise from breathing polluted air; doctors' surgeries are full of people suffering from illnesses caused by pollution. It is also becoming increasingly difficult to deal with the problem of traffic in towns; most of the important cities of the world suffer form traffic jams. In fact, any advantage gained in comfort is often cancelled out in city driving by the frustration caused by traffic jams: endless queues of cars crawling one after another at the intersections. As an increasing number of traffic regulation schemes are devised, the poor bewildered driver finds himself diverted and forced into one-way systems which cause even greater delays than the traffic jams they are supposed to prevent. The mounting cost of petrol and the increased tolls and road tax all add to the driver's worries. In fact, he must sometimes wonder if the motor car is such a blessing and not just a menace.
that. What are you trying to say.
Jack Ma is one of the richest and most famous men in china. He comesfrom a poor family and failed his college entrance exam twice.Despite ofmany failures, he has builtone of the world’s largest internet companies.
productive a. 1.多产的,富饶的 2.富有成效的
They generally dislike going to social events such as party. It’s often
M：Yes, you areright. I’d like to relax, but I had a lotonmy mind.
abnormal a. 反常的,异常的
F: Not I haven’t and I’m hungry.
insane a. 1.蠢极的,荒唐的 2.精神失常的,疯狂的
Asteroidsand comics are object thatorbitsour sun, but are smaller than planets. Asteroid that pass close to the earthare called the near-earth objects. The layer of gases, just above the earth surface,is our atmosphere. The atmosphere is made up of gases, such as oxygen andhydrogen. Without anatmosphere, there will be not life onthe earth.
fool of myself
The Definition of a Gentleman
Born in 1942, Stephen Hocking is one of the world’s most famousscientists. When he was 23, he was diagnosed with AIS, a rare disease of thenerves. Because of his disease, he isunable to walk and talk.
terrify vt. 使害怕,使惊吓
It is almost a definition of a gentleman to say he is one who never inflicts pain. This description is both refined and, as far as it goes, accurate. He is mainly occupied in merely removing the obstacles which hinder the free and unembarrassed action of those about him. His benefits may be considered as parallel to what are called comforts or convenience in arrangements of a personal nature: like an easy chair or a good fire, which do their part in dispelling cold and fatigue, though nature provides both means of rest and animal heat without them. The true gentleman in like manner carefully avoids whatever may cause a jar or a jolt in the minds of those with whom he is cast; - all clashing of opinion, or collision of feeling, all restraint, or suspicion, or gloom, or resentment; his great concern being to made every one at their ease and at home. He has his eyes on all his company: he is tender towards the bashful, gentle towards the distant, and merciful towards the absurd; he can recollect to whom he is speaking; he guards against unseasonable allusions, or topics which may irritate; he is seldom prominent in conversation, and never wearisome.
They only stayed in shanghai for a couple of days. Then they
If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition--wealth, distinction, control over one's destiny--must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition's behalf. If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must be widely shared: and it especially must be highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not least among them. In an odd way, however, it is the educated who have claimed to have given up on ambition as an ideal. What is odd is that they have perhaps most benefited from ambition--if not always their own than that of their parents and grandparents. There is a heavy note of hypocrisy in this , a case of closing the barn door after the horses have escaped--with the educated themselves riding on them. Certainly people do not seem less interested in success and its signs not than formerly. Summer homes, European travel, BMWs-- the locations, place manes and name brands may change, but such items do not seem less in demand today than a decade or two years ago. What has happened is that people cannot confess fully to their dreams, as easily nad openly as once they could, lest they be thought pushing, acquisitive and vulgar. Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, which now more than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialism with a Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes his meals in three-star restaurants; the journalist advocating participatory democracy in all phases of life, whose own children are enrolled in private schools. For such people and many more perhaps not so exceptional, the proper formulation is, "Succeed at all costs but avoid appearing ambitious."
bandage n.绷带 vt.用绷带包扎
the mouth. Dentists have to pull hard to extract a tooth.
L4 Unit 1-4 vocabulary 名人和性格
M: No, sir. That’s a surprise. I didn’t
confer (conferred;conferring) vi.商谈,商议 vt.授予,赋予
baffle vt. 使困惑,难住
mobility n. 1.流动性,移动性 2.机动性
They plan to stay in the park until around 4 o’clock. By then theywill have beenin the park for nearly 5hours. Then they’ll get back into the car and drive back to San Francisco. Theyplan to eat dinner somewhere along the way. If the traffic isn’t too bad, theyshould be back in San Franciscoby10 o’clock.
gloom n. 1.昏暗,阴暗 2.忧郁,沮丧
destined a. 1.命中注定,预定的 2.以...为目的地的
Harry’s next new trips were to different parts of the world. He went
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Cars
Most of the world’s water is in the ocean,whichare the largebodies ofsalt water. The oceans arealso an important source of oxygen.
inflict vt. (on,upon)把...强加给,使遭受,使承担
L4 Unit 1-1 dialogue 谈论吃饭和预约
location n. 1.位置,场所 2.外景拍摄地
Shy people are usually quiet and uncomfortable around other people.
locality n. 地区,地点
intimidate vt. 恐吓,威胁
L4 Unit 1-4 dialogue 女朋友
collide vi.1.碰撞 2.冲突
crook n.骗子;弯曲;钩;诡计 vt.使成钩状;使弯曲
F：Good idea. You
The lungs exchange oxygen from the air withCO2 from the blood. Theyexpandwheninhalingair andcontractwhenexhalingair.
drawback n. 缺点,欠缺,不利条件
It’s now 1:15 and they are in Yosemite Park. They have been there
bashful a. 局促的不安的,羞怯的
you are such a slow eater.
destiny n. 1.命运 2.定数,天命
for an international company.
shrewd a. 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的
with car thieves.
summon vi. 1.召唤 2. (up)鼓起勇气 3.召开,召集
P: Yes, you were going well above the speed
M: Really, then let’s go some places
menace n. 1.具有危险的人 2.威胁,威吓 vt. 威胁,威吓
The bladder is a balloon-shaped organ that collects urine from the kidneys. In an
aspiration n. 强烈的愿望,志向,抱负
setback n. 挫折,倒退,失败
A dental cavity is a hole in the tooth. A
absurd a. 荒谬的,荒唐的
From Japan they went to Korea for a week, and then they went to
scrupulous a. 1.有顾忌的 2.细致的
I’ve never been disappointed.
toll n. 1.过路费 2.(事故等的)伤亡人数,损失 v.(缓慢而有规律的)敲(钟)
and gums. An X-ray shows what can’t be seen on the surface of teeth and gums.
ample a. 1.足够的 2.宽敞的,面积大的
A sprained ankle can be so painful that you
retort v.反驳 n.反驳
people to look at them and pay attention to them. Self-centered people often
queer a. 1.奇怪的,异常的 2.不舒服的,眩晕的
hills and mountains, often with the river running through it. Some valleys are
divert vt. 1.使转向,使改道 2.转移,转移...的注意力 3.使娱乐
any situation. They can be depended on to get things done. These people can be
formulate vt. 1.构想出,规划 2.系统地阐述
F：A low eater? Well I try to
ambitious a. 1.有抱负的,雄心勃勃的 2.有野心的
the last 6 months, it has hired 50 new employees. The total number of the
irritate vt. 1.使恼怒,使烦躁 2.使(身体某部分)不适,使疼痛
taken advantages ofthis new service. As a result, QuickService has developeda great reputation.Its dedication tothe high quality service has proven to be successful. Its word-of-mouthapproach toadvertisinghas beencost effective. The appliance manufactures have also been happy with theresults. Their growing relationship with QuickService has helped increase theirsales.
perplex vt. 使困惑,使复杂化
employees in the company is now over 500. And the number of the customers has
stagger vi.摇晃,蹒跚 vt. 1.使吃惊 2.使错开
to more than 7 billion in 2011.
The great tragedy of life is not that men perish ,but that they cese to love.
P: Ok, where is the money. Let me see it
amplify vt. 1.放大,增强 2.扩大,详述
M: No, sir, it’s a friend’s. I’m borrowing it forthe night.
propel (propelled,propelling) vt. 1.推进,推动 2.激励,驱使
F：No, go ahead. I don’t want you
handicap n. 1.缺陷 2.障碍 vt. (handicapped;handicapping) 妨碍,使不利
people, most of them just looked at him. They didn’t understand what he was
M：Yes, it is. But I
don’t want to talk about it.
gloomy a. 1.忧郁的,沮丧的 2.令人失望的 3.昏暗的
hotel in the park. It was built in 1927 and has a great view. They wanted to
increased to more than 5000.
suspicious a. 1.猜疑的,疑心的 2.可疑的 3.表示怀疑的
trips is to attend meetings and make presentations.
middle-aged man whose hair was turning grey. He told them about how things were
bewilder vt. 使迷惑,难住
computer industry. He was self-center and difficult to work for, but he led the
formulation n. 1.公式化 2.系统的阐述 3.规划,构想
understand. What do you mean.
to Europe twice, each time to different countries. On one trip he travel
A force can increase or decrease the speed
M: Why officer, what have I done.
watching the sun go down in the evening. It was a beautiful sunset.
A burn is an injury to the skin cause by
Self-centered people like to be the center of attention. They like
M2：Yes, I trust. She tells mewhat’s important to her. She’s honest with me. She is neverlied to me about anything important.
Theadjacentsides of rectangle are perpendicular, which means they meet at a 90-degreeangle. Theopposite sides of therectangle are equal a parallel, which means they never cross. The area of arectangle is the length times the width.
M1：Hey, steven, you
advantaging of me?
P: Good evening, sir. You were driving too
Co-funder of apple, this entrepreneur was a major figure in the
Thestomachis below the heart and it’s part of the digest system. It uses acids to digestfood beforepassingittothe smallintestine.
and I will think about it.
P: So now you’re trying tobribeme. How stupid can you be.
Brace vt.支撑;系紧;准备，预备;振作起来 vi.准备好;支持;打起精神
formed by flowing river and others are formed by glaciers.
haven’t.Why are you in such a hurry.
They ordered pancakes and coffee. They also had some fresh fruits. When they
M1：What do you
else.What do you suggest?
that the growth rate will be even less than 1% by 2020. By the year 2050 the
made five trips. Three were to Asia and two were to Europe. The purpose of these
M: Have you eaten yet.
P: Ok, I need to see your driver’slicense.
M: Please officer.
After driving an hour and a half, they stopped to had breakfast.
To extract a tooth means to remove it from
mean. Aren’t you in love with her?
M: Really. Was i.
I’ll try to start thinking about it and deal with it tomorrow.
Asteroid n.[天]小行星;海盘车;海星 adj.星状的
understand. I didn’t think you knew what was going on.
this. But I think you’re making a fool of yourselves.
were full of energy and excitement.
M: Ok, let’s try it. I’ve never eaten
difficult to make friend with shy person because they won’t open up.
M：Yes. it is. I’ve been getting
need to take a break from work. Your health is important and so am I.
F：Ok, but I’m a
He didn’t want to work only in the US. He didn’t work only with Americans. He
The earth is a planet that goes around thesunin the circular orbit. The speedof its motion doesn’t change and the direction of its motion does. The earthhas a layer of gas above its surface, which helps to support life.